SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 49: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 49

4. Preservationists believe that wildlife must have designated places of -------, where animals will not be ------- by human intruders.

A. exhibition . . controlled
B. openness . . nurtured
C. refuge . . disturbed
D. vulnerability . . perceived
E. safety . . abandoned

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Skill: Understanding the content, form, and function of sentences

Explanation for Correct Answer C :

Choice (C) is correct. A "refuge" is a place that provides shelter or protection. "Disturbed" in this context means interfered with. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Preservationists believe that wildlife must have designated places of refuge, where animals will not be disturbed by human intruders." A wildlife "preservationist" is someone devoted to protecting nature. It makes sense that such people would support "designated," or specific, "refuges" for animals that might otherwise be "disturbed" by humans.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. An "exhibition" is a public display. "Controlled" means regulated or restrained. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Preservationists believe that wildlife must have designated places of exhibition, where animals will not be controlled by human intruders." Wildlife preservationists would not necessarily promote "exhibiting" animals as opposed to supporting them in their natural habitat. Furthermore, it is unclear how an "exhibition" would prevent intruders from "controlling," or restraining animals.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. A place of "openness" would be one without confining or enclosing barriers. "Nurtured" means nourished or sustained. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Preservationists believe that wildlife must have designated places of openness, where animals will not be nurtured by human intruders." The concept of "designated openness" is somewhat contradictory, because the term "designated" indicates that the places are not open, but are closed to "intruders." It is also illogical to imply that such intruders would "nurture," or support, the animals.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Vulnerability" indicates susceptibility to being harmed. "Perceived" means observed or watched. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Preservationists believe that wildlife must have designated places of vulnerability, where animals will not be perceived by human intruders." It is illogical to claim that preservationists who work to protect wildlife would support places that increase an animal's "vulnerability."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Safety" is the condition of being protected from harm. "Abandoned" means given up or forsaken. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Preservationists believe that wildlife must have designated places of safety, where animals will not be abandoned by human intruders." It is illogical to imply that people who trespass on a wildlife preserve would "abandon," or give up, animals.

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