SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 55: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 55

10. The establishment of a women's college by the Cherokee nation during the 1850's is one of many ------- of the considerable status traditionally ------- by Cherokee women.

A. illustrations . . held
B. refutations . . sustained
C. demonstrations . . relinquished
D. explications . . enjoyed
E. manifestations . . studied

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

Skill: Understanding the content, form, and function of sentences

Explanation for Correct Answer A :

Choice (A) is correct. "Illustrations" are examples that clarify; "hold," as used here, means to possess. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The establishment of a women's college by the Cherokee nation during the 1850's is one of many illustrations of the considerable status traditionally held by Cherokee women." The early development of a women's college logically implies that Cherokee women were held in high esteem within their culture.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Refutations" prove something wrong; "sustain" means to prolong. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The establishment of a women's college by the Cherokee nation during the 1850's is one of many refutations of the considerable status traditionally sustained by Cherokee women." The establishment of a women's college confirms the Cherokee woman's status instead of "refuting" it.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Demonstrations" are displays; "relinquish" means to give up. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The establishment of a women's college by the Cherokee nation during the 1850's is one of many demonstrations of the considerable status traditionally relinquished by Cherokee women." It is illogical to claim that the creation of a women's college shows how Cherokee women gave up their status.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Explications" are detailed explanations; "enjoy" means to experience with pleasure. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The establishment of a women's college by the Cherokee nation during the 1850's is one of many explications of the considerable status traditionally enjoyed by Cherokee women." The establishment of a women's college itself does not explain the status of women.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Manifestations" are public demonstrations; "study" means to consider carefully. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "The establishment of a women's college by the Cherokee nation during the 1850's is one of many manifestations of the considerable status traditionally studied by Cherokee women." The Cherokee women may have pursued studies at their college, but it is somewhat illogical to claim that they "studied" their status.

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