SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 58: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 58

13. Some of the region's ranches belong to ------- landowners; they live elsewhere and visit their ranches only rarely.

A. domestic
B. absentee
C. joint
D. bucolic
E. rural

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

Skill: Understanding the content, form, and function of sentences

Explanation for Correct Answer B :

Choice (B) is correct. "Absentee" refers to proprietors who live away from their properties. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Some of the region's ranches belong to absentee landowners; they live elsewhere and visit their ranches only rarely." The semicolon sets up an explanation of the missing term. People who do not live on their ranches may indeed be described as "absentee landowners."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Domestic" means related or devoted to the home. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Some of the region's ranches belong to domestic landowners; they live elsewhere and visit their ranches only rarely." The claim that these landowners are "domestic" does not relate to the fact that they rarely visit their ranches.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. In this context, "joint" means combined or united. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Some of the region's ranches belong to joint landowners; they live elsewhere and visit their ranches only rarely." The missing term must describe landowners who do not live on their ranches. Some of the ranches may be jointly owned, but the term "joint" itself does not describe ranch owners who live elsewhere.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Bucolic" refers to rural life. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Some of the region's ranches belong to bucolic landowners; they live elsewhere and visit their ranches only rarely." If anything, it may be argued that "bucolic" landowners are more likely to live on their ranches.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Rural" refers to the country. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "Some of the region's ranches belong to rural landowners; they live elsewhere and visit their ranches only rarely." The term "rural" fails to describe the fact that the landowners in the sentence spend little time on their ranches.

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