SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 60: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 60

15. Observing that young children are almost invariably ------- racial prejudice, the sociologist concluded that bigotry manifested by adults is therefore -------.

A. immune to . . typical
B. protected from . . juvenile
C. interested in . . unforeseen
D. cured of . . condoned
E. free of . . learned

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

Skill: Understanding the content, form, and function of sentences

Explanation for Correct Answer E :

Choice (E) is correct. "Free of" means without; "learned" means gained through study or experience. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Observing that young children are almost invariably free of racial prejudice, the sociologist concluded that bigotry manifested by adults is therefore learned." The word "therefore" indicates that the sociologist sees a cause-and-effect relationship between children's relationship to prejudice and bigotry shown by adults. If young children are almost always without racial prejudice, then it is logical to conclude that racism is a "learned" behavior.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Immune to" means resistant to; "typical" means characteristic or expected. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Observing that young children are almost invariably immune to racial prejudice, the sociologist concluded that bigotry manifested by adults is therefore typical." The term "therefore" indicate that there is a cause-and-effect relationship between childhood prejudice and adult bigotry. It is illogical, however, to claim that bigotry is "typical" among adults because children are immune to it.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Protected from" means shielded from; "juvenile" means childish. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Observing that young children are almost invariably protected from racial prejudice, the sociologist concluded that bigotry manifested by adults is therefore juvenile." If children do not experience racial prejudice, then it is illogical to claim that bigotry in adults is childish.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Interested in" means concerned with; "unforeseen" means unexpected. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Observing that young children are almost invariably interested in racial prejudice, the sociologist concluded that bigotry manifested by adults is therefore unforeseen." If children are interested in racial prejudice, it makes little sense to suggest that bigotry in adults is unexpected.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Cured of" means restored to health; "condoned" means overlooked. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Observing that young children are almost invariably cured of racial prejudice, the sociologist concluded that bigotry manifested by adults is therefore condoned." It is illogical to claim that bigotry would be "condoned" in adults if children were somehow cured of racial prejudice.

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