SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 67: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 67

7. The medical community seemed so factional that medical progress was often accompanied by -------, with each step forward creating new enmities.

A. sacrifice
B. astonishment
C. coordination
D. conflict
E. error

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Skill: Determining the meaning of words

Explanation for Correct Answer D :

Choice (D) is correct. A "conflict" is a fight. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The medical community seemed so factional that medical progress was often accompanied by conflict, with each step forward creating new enmities." The comma introduces an explanation of the missing term. The fact that the medical community saw the frequent creation of new "enmities," or hostilities, indicates that there was a great deal of "conflict."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Sacrifice" means to give up something. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The medical community seemed so factional that medical progress was often accompanied by sacrifice, with each step forward creating new enmities." Medical progress accompanied by "sacrifice" would not directly result from a "factional" community, nor would it necessarily create "enmities."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Astonishment" means amazement. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The medical community seemed so factional that medical progress was often accompanied by astonishment, with each step forward creating new enmities." The missing term should relate to the "factional" nature of the medical community, but the fact that the community was divided has nothing to do with "astonishment."

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Coordination" means working together. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The medical community seemed so factional that medical progress was often accompanied by coordination, with each step forward creating new enmities." It is unlikely that a "factional" community would be noted for its "coordination," or ability to work together.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. An "error" is a mistake. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The medical community seemed so factional that medical progress was often accompanied by error, with each step forward creating new enmities." There is no inherent connection between a "factional" community and errors in medical progress.

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