SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 78: Answer and Explanation

Next steps

Question: 78

3. The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially -------: the exterior has been updated, but the engine remains unchanged.

A. intuitive
B. cosmetic
C. incoherent
D. consequential
E. retroactive

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer B :

Choice (B) is correct. "Cosmetic" means superficial, or lacking in true significance. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially cosmetic: the exterior has been updated, but the engine remains unchanged." The colon in this sentence introduces a definition or explanation of the missing term. "Cosmetic" makes sense in this context, since the changes to the car's exterior are more superficial than fundamental.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Intuitive" means perceived through instinct. If this term were inserted into the text, the sentence would read "The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially intuitive: the exterior has been updated, but the engine remains unchanged." It makes little sense to say that the changes to a car's exterior design are "intuitive," or based on instinct.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Incoherent" means lacking orderliness or relevance. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially incoherent: the exterior has been updated, but the engine remains unchanged." It is illogical to say that the new design, which changes the exterior but not the engine, is lacking relevance.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer D :

Choice (D) is incorrect. "Consequential" means significant. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially consequential: the exterior has been updated, but the engine remains unchanged." It does not make sense to say that the car's redesign is significant because the information after the colon suggests the opposite.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Retroactive" means extending to conditions that existed or originated in the past. If one were to insert this term into the text, the sentence would read "The highly publicized redesign of the car is essentially retroactive: the exterior has been updated, but the engine remains unchanged." It makes little sense to say that the car's redesign reflects conditions that originated in the past.

Previous       Next