SAT Sentence Completion Practice Question 97: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 97

6. Because little rain falls in the district during summer, municipalities are necessarily ------- to ------- water from winter storms.

A. ready . . squander
B. reluctant . . retain
C. free . . absorb
D. careful . . store
E. unwilling . . conserve

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Explanation for Correct Answer D :

Choice (D) is correct. "Careful" means showing concern. "Store" means to put aside for future use. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Because little rain falls in the district during summer, municipalities are necessarily careful to store water from winter storms." In order to have enough water during the summer, when little rain falls, "municipalities," or cities and towns, must take advantage of water that is available during the winter. After collecting water during the winter, they must show concern to put it aside so it can be available during the dry summer.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer A :

Choice (A) is incorrect. "Ready" means prepared. "Squander" means to waste. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Because little rain falls in the district during summer, municipalities are necessarily ready to squander water from winter storms." In order to have enough water during the summer, municipalities would have to be prepared to collect water that is available during the winter. Wasting it wouldn't ensure sufficient water during the summer.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer B :

Choice (B) is incorrect. "Reluctant" means hesitant or disinclined. "Retain" means to keep. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Because little rain falls in the district during summer, municipalities are necessarily reluctant to retain water from winter storms." If the municipalities were hesitant to keep water from winter storms, it is unlikely that they would have water for use in the dry summer.

Explanation for Incorrect Answer C :

Choice (C) is incorrect. "Free" means not controlled. "Absorb" means to take in something. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Because little rain falls in the district during summer, municipalities are necessarily free to absorb water from winter storms." Although cities and towns may be free to make choices, such as to collect water, it doesn't make sense to speak of cities or towns absorbing water. The word "absorb" describes a physical process of taking in something (for example, the way sponges take in water).

Explanation for Incorrect Answer E :

Choice (E) is incorrect. "Unwilling" means not willing or disinclined. "Conserve" means to save. If one were to insert these terms into the text, the sentence would read "Because little rain falls in the district during summer, municipalities are necessarily unwilling to conserve water from winter storms." It is likely that the lack of water would make municipalities more willing to save water in winter, rather than making them "unwilling" to do so.

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