New SAT Writing and Language Practice Test 13

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The Other Steel City


1 Set on the banks of Monocacy Creek, the area that is now Bethlehem, PA, was inhabited by a rich 2 diversity of indigenous peoples. [A] By the time of that contact, the area was primarily one of the Algonquian-speaking Lenape tribe and its various divisions. 3 They traded with many settlers in the mid-Atlantic region.

1. Which of the following best introduces the historical tone of this essay?

  • B. Home to over 700,000 people,
  • C. Long before European contact,
  • D. About 50 miles north of Philadelphia,

2. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined portion would be LEAST acceptable?

  • A. variety
  • B. arrangement
  • C. assortment
  • D. multiplicity


  • B. It
  • C. Some
  • D. These groups


While many groups in other regions were systematically exterminated and relegated to smaller plots of land, the Lenape 4 went on to continue to be a contributing factor to the landscape of the early region. Even after the initial European settlement on Christmas 5 Eve in 1741, the Lenape trading continued, though the written history primarily follows the progress of white settlers.


These settlers, a group of Moravians led by David Nitschman and Count Nicolas von Zinzendorf, called the region Bethlehem, after the birthplace of Jesus Christ. The Moravians set up missions to convert the Lenape and non-English-speaking Christians to the tenets of Moravianism, 6 a practice widely criticized for its ignorance of local traditions. [B] Although the group was relatively small and its religious influence did not reach as far as 7 other groups, the Moravians had a lasting cultural influence on the shape of the early United States. With their strong ties to Germany and musical bent, the annual Moravian Bach festival was one of the first places for people to hear the music from overseas that would become so internationally influential. [C]


  • B. continued going on
  • C. went on
  • D. continued


  • B. Eve in 1741 the Lenape trading continued
  • C. Eve in 1741 the Lenape trading continued,
  • D. Eve, in 1741, the Lenape trading continued,

6. Which of the following true choices helps to maintain the focus on the way the Moravian settlers have been characterized throughout the essay?

  • B. using diplomacy rather than force.
  • C. a cornerstone of European colonizing missions in Africa and Asia.
  • D. which helped to bring European literacy and economics to many outside of Europe.


  • B. some other
  • C. those other
  • D. that of some other


In the twentieth century, Bethlehem became known all over for the world for something much different: steel. Bethlehem Steel was founded in 1857 amid the industrial revolution, and by the 1940s, 8 its factory was providing substantial amounts of armor and steel for troops in World War II, in addition to providing the metalwork for bridges and structures all over the country. The plant ceased operations in 1995, but its blast furnaces, those reminders of past industrial glory, 9 remains.


Some cities might have been laid low by the death of a major industry, but Bethlehem has emerged seemingly unscathed. Although locals know it as the "Christmas City," for the many decorations and activities there in December, Bethlehem is also a significant culture center for the region, and its former steel mill has been repurposed to host all variety of events. [D] The contributions of Bethlehem have changed from century to century, so it should be no surprise that the twenty-first century should bring to the city something 10 no one's ever seen the like of.


  • B. their
  • C. they're
  • D. it's


  • B. is remaining.
  • C. remain.
  • D. are remaining.

10. Which of the following would best conclude the essay by preserving its style and tone?

  • B. to steel its reputation as a real blast!
  • C. it hasn't seen before.
  • D. everyone pretty much expects by now.

11. Upon reviewing this essay and concluding that some information has been left out, the writer composes the following sentence:

After these many years of education, Bethlehem became a Moravian stronghold, with the Moravian Academy and College still a nucleus of intellectual life in the region.

The best placement for this sentence would be at point

  • A. [A] in paragraph 1.
  • B. [B] in paragraph 3.
  • C. [C] in paragraph 3.
  • D. [D] in paragraph 5.