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Film, Culture, and Globalization
Globalization, or the integration of cultures across nations, is a prominent yet controversial topic. The controversy arises over concern about what is often called "cultural imperialism," or the notion of one culture's overpowering influence on another's cultural identity. 1 Some defend globalization for its benefits. Greater creativity and appreciation of heritage. Others argue that globalization damages cultures, especially in developing nations. For better or worse, advancing technology enables new levels of cross-cultural interconnectedness. The modern world is culturally intertwined, and there is no force more 2 inactive for globalization in the 21st century than the film industry.
3 With multi-billion-dollar extranational revenues, Hollywood has inspired a global culture of moviemakers and moviegoers. Now, many nations enjoy booming domestic film markets that compare with or surpass the United States in production and popularity. As more countries produce and distribute films worldwide, the global sense of shared understanding and cultural appreciation 4 grow.
5 Sharing cultural artifacts is central to globalization, and cultural artifacts are physical renderings of cultural identity. Foods, music, languages, books, art, and trade goods are all cultural artifacts. But films are cultural artifacts with more impact than others because of their vivid ability to document and portray a population's ideals, values, and commonalities. There is 6 naive appeal in viewers witnessing the heartfelt stories of people worlds away. Through film, the cross-cultural sharing of ideas, stories, ethics, humor, and much more can happen quickly.
The extent to which the world watches foreign, cross-cultural films is staggering. 7 Even as more countries increase film production the trend of cross-cultural film popularity is expected to remain; the difference will be the greater variety of cultures represented in those films.8
Certainly, many individuals prefer films that reflect their own cultural identities, but trends indicate rising popular interest, even in Hollywood, in multicultural and cross-cultural movies. Despite valid concerns over cultural imperialism, the international film industry in many ways 9 enables positive culture sharing. 10 Films are increasingly used to teach, treasuring, and to preserve cultures and peoples, strengthening those groups' identities and raising worldwide awareness and appreciation of their stories.
Statistics indicate that the global population will continue to frequent films from a variety of origins. According to information from the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, while film production fluctuates in many nations, only 11 India demonstrated a consistent increase in the number of films produced from 2005 to 2011. Filmmakers have the opportunity to both protect cultures and to creatively pioneer the route to true, sustained intercultural appreciation. Understanding the industry's undeniable impact on cultural identities and globalization is crucial in the world's progression toward collective prosperity, protection, and peace.
3. Which topic sentence, if any, should be added to the beginning of the paragraph to establish the central idea of the paragraph?
8. Which sentence provides supporting details when added to the paragraph?
11. Which choice completes the sentence with accurate data based on the graphic?
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