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The UN: Promoting World Peace
The United Nations (UN) is perhaps the most important political contribution of the 20th century. Some may argue that the work of the UN 1 ; an international peacekeeping organization—has proven futile, given persisting global conflict. But the UN's worldwide influence demands a closer look. This organization's global impact is undeniable. The UN is a strong political organization determined to create opportunities for its member nations to enjoy a peaceful and productive world. 2
3 Decades ago, provoked by the events of World Wars I and II, world leaders began imagining a politically neutral force for international peace. The UN was born in 1945 with 51 participating nations. It was to be a collective political authority for global peace and security. Today, 193 nations are UN members. 4 In keeping with the original hope, the UN still strives toward peaceful international relations.
Understandably, no single organization can perfectly solve the world's countless, complex problems. But the UN has offered consistent relief for many of the past half-century's most difficult disasters and conflicts. It also provides a safe space for international conversation. Moreover, it advocates for issues such as justice, trade, hunger relief, human rights, health, and gender 5 equality, the UN also coordinates care for those displaced by disaster and conflict, 6 dictates environmental protection, and works toward conflict reconciliation.
7 8 The year 2014 witnessed the UN peacekeeping force grow to over 100,000 strong. These uniformed, volunteer, civilian personnel represent 128 nations. The UN's budget has also grown over the years to support an international court system, as well as countless agencies, committees, and centers addressing sociopolitical topics. Today's UN does big things, and it functions with remarkable organization and efficiency. Critics highlight shortcomings to discount the UN's effectiveness. But considering the countless disasters to which the UN has responded over its six decades of existence, today's world might enjoy 9 far less peace, freedom, and safety without the UN.
 From promoting overarching sociopolitical change to offering food and care for displaced groups, the UN serves to protect human rights.  Equally 10 quotable are its initiatives to foster international collaboration, justice, and peace.  The UN provided aid to the Philippines after the disastrous 2013 typhoon. Certainly, this work is not finished.  But no other organization compares with the work and influence of the UN.  This brave endeavor to insist on and strive for peace, whatever the obstacles, has indeed united hundreds of once-divided nations.  Today, with eleven Nobel Peace Prizes to its name, the UN is undoubtedly an irreplaceable and profoundly successful force for peace. 11
2. Which concluding sentence, if added to the paragraph, most effectively establishes the main claim of the paragraph?
7. Which topic sentence would most effectively express the central idea of the paragraph?
8. Which choice best completes the sentence with accurate data based on the graphic?
11. Which sentence should be removed to improve the overall focus of the concluding paragraph?
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