New SAT Writing and Language Practice Test 28

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The gap between science and public understanding [1] prevent action on global warming. This is disheartening news in many ways because it makes the prospect of change seem incredibly [2] difficult to some the movement needs a more scientific consensus as well as a human heart.

Matthew Spiegel, an associate professor of communications at St. Mary’s University, has thought a great deal about ways [3] to inform the public as well as talking about global warming in a way that will persuade and convince people that it is a serious problem. He believes that the means of telling people about our rapidly warming planet need improvement. Polls say that 55 percent of America’s adults use television news for information on current events. Knowing that fact, the movement to stop global warming [4] must rely more heavily on Fox News, CNN and other broadcasters to persuade the public that the perils of climate change have two main [5] characteristics: they are real should be feared, with the emphasis on their reality.

The Public’s Trust in Sources of Information About Global Warming

How much do you trust or distrust the following as a source of information about global warming? (order of items randomized)

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Spiegel, in order to identify the most effective method to alert the people to the hazards of global warming, has built three different arguments: (1) the customary environmental argument, (2) the national security argument, and (3) the public health argument. Having found [6] indifference in people’s reactions to the environmental consequences, [7] threatening effects of global warming were described in terms of calamitous events eventually striking both national security and public health. Hypothesizing that these arguments would help sway both conservatives and minorities—the demographics most apathetic or hostile to climate change—he was surprised at first by his research results. Both minorities and conservatives paid more attention [8] to public health than national security issues and concerns. Upon reflection, however he recalled that the public health [9] angle had earlier been a useful tool for environmentalists before and was especially effective when combined with tangible events that illustrate the insidious nature of climate change. Back in 1948, in Donora, Pennsylvania, an industrial town, [10] demonstrated the dangers when smog blanketed it. It killed twenty people and sickened six-thousand more. [11]

1.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. prevents action on global warming
  • C. preclude actions on global warming
  • D. blocks preventative action in behalf of global warming

2.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. difficult. To some, the movement needs
  • C. difficult to some. The movement needs
  • D. difficult to some, the movement needs

3.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. that persuasively informs the public as to the effects of global warming
  • C. to use information about global warming to persuade
  • D. to keep the public informed about global warming

4. Which choice most accurately states a conclusion that can be drawn from the data shown by the graph on page 165?

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. Anti-global warming forces can rest assured that organizations devoted to the perils of environmental causes are having great success in convincing the public about global warming.
  • C. Anti-global warming forces should push for more science programs on the subject to be shown on television.
  • D. Anti-global warming forces must train more teachers to incorporate lessons in global warming in their classes.

5.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. characteristics: they are real and they should be feared; with
  • C. characteristics. They are real and they should be feared; with
  • D. characteristics: they are real and they should be feared. With

6.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. irrelevancy
  • C. mediocrity
  • D. indecency

7.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. global warming’s long-term effects were described
  • C. he stressed the effects of global warming
  • D. he emphasized the threatening long-term effects

8.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. to public health issues than national security
  • C. to public health than was paid to national security issues and concerns
  • D. to issues of public health than they paid to national security concerns

9.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. angle has proved to be
  • C. debate is
  • D. conflict was once

10.

  • A. NO CHANGE
  • B. the dangers of climate change were put on display by a blanket of smog
  • C. a blanket of smog heralded its dangers
  • D. provided evidence of the dangers of climate change

11. If placed at the end of the paragraph, which choice would best serve as a conclusion to the paragraph and to the passage as a whole?

  • A. America is becoming increasingly aware of the danger air pollution poses to public health.
  • B. For minority groups, which face unemployment, crime, and discrimination, global warming is not going to be a top-of-the-mind risk unless disaster strikes,
  • C. Spiegel explains, “Once you start telling people with problems that climate change is going to make things in their communities even worse, and the communicators are not environmentalists or scientists but public health officials—now you’ve got a story and a messenger that connects.”
  • D. Such events have spurred passage of legislation like the Clear Air Act, which has played a large part in the reduction of six major air pollutants by 72 percent since its passage.