SAT Subject Biology Practice Question 102: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 102

12. Which of the following organisms has the highest evolutionary fitness?

A. A cheetah that catches the most prey
B. A fox that successfully avoids predators
C. A tortoise that has lived for over 100 years
D. A wolf that recovers quickly from a wound
E. A gorilla that reproduces several times

Correct Answer: E


Fitness is defined as an organism's ability to successfully reproduce and put its genetic information into future generations. While answers A through D demonstrate successful organisms, only answer E provides any information specifically about reproductive success.

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