SAT Subject Biology Practice Question 278: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 278

8. Geese recognize a ticking clock as "mother" if exposed to it during a critical period shortly after hatching

A. Reasoning/insight
B. Imprinting
C. Classical conditioning
D. Habituation
E. Instinct

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

B Some animals do not have an instinctive sense for who their mother is and will bond with any object they are exposed to during a certain time period after their birth. The object "imprints" on their minds, and thereafter, even if exposed to their real mother, they will still treat the object as Mom.

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