SAT Subject Biology Practice Question 279: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 279

9. Fish are given food at the same time as a tap on their glass bowl and soon learn to approach when a tap sounds even in the absence of food

A. Reasoning/insight
B. Imprinting
C. Classical conditioning
D. Habituation
E. Instinct

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

C Conditioning involves the association of and response to one stimulus with a second, different stimulus. The best example is Ivan Pavlov's dogs. He rang a bell when he fed them, and the dogs salivated in response to the food. Soon, all he had to do was ring the bell, and the dogs would salivate, even in the absence of food.

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