SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1001: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1001

82. Shays's Rebellion was important in that it

A. highlighted the slave problems that existed in the United States in 1787.
B. was crushed by a militia sent by the Congress under the Articles of Confederation.
C. was a catalyst that led to the scrapping of the Articles of Confederation.
D. led to the adoption of the Bill of Rights.
E. was the "shot heard round the world."

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

Shays's Rebellion led to the scrapping of the Articles of Confederation. It occurred in 1787 when farmers in western Massachusetts, led by Daniel Shays, protested the tax policies in Massachusetts. It raised fears of general disorder and prompted the call for a convention to revise the Articles of Confederation. Instead of revising the Articles, the convention scrapped the document and drafted the Constitution. It was not a slave rebellion (A). It was suppressed by the Massachusetts and New York militias, not a militia sent by the Congress of the Articles of Confederation (B). The Bill of Rights (D) was added to the Constitution in 1791 and did not address the issues raised in Shays's Rebellion. The "shot heard round the world" (E) occurred in Concord, Massachusetts, in 1775 and signaled the beginning of the American Revolution.

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