SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1003: Answer and Explanation
84. In the Emancipation Proclamation, Abraham Lincoln stated that all
A. slaves in the states in rebellion would be freed.
B. slaves in the border states would be freed.
C. slaves in the United States would be free at the end of the Civil War.
D. children born to slaves would be born free.
E. slaves in the North would be freed.
Correct Answer: A
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued in September 1862 and went into effect January 1, 1863. It stated that slaves in states or parts of states still in rebellion as of January 1, 1863, would be freed. Though this did not immediately free any slaves, because the Union government was unable to exercise power in the rebellious areas of the South, it did dedicate the war to the antislavery cause and freed slaves as the Union army conquered the South. Lincoln was not yet ready to free all the slaves (C). This came with the ratification of the 13th Amendment in 1865. Lincoln was still worried about the border states (B), such as Missouri and Kentucky, leaving the Union. To retain their support, he did not attempt to free the slaves in loyal states. Freeing the children of slaves (D), gradual emancipation, had been the policy in many Northern states since the end of the 18th century. The Emancipation Proclamation embodied a different policy. By the time of the Civil War, slavery had ceased to exist in the North (E) except for the border states.