SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1005: Answer and Explanation
86. Josiah Strong and Alfred T. Mahan were American writers in the late 19th century who were noted for
A. opposing Jim Crow laws and lynching.
B. exposing urban corruption.
C. depicting regional customs and dialects.
D. supporting an imperialist foreign policy.
E. describing the horrors of war.
Correct Answer: D
Strong and Mahan were fervent expansionists. Strong argued that it was the mission of the United States to Christianize and civilize the "weaker races." Mahan argued that the United States needed to expand its naval power and take over territories in the Pacific if it hoped to achieve international prominence. Several activists opposed racism in the United States (A), such as Ida B. Wells, who wrote and lectured against lynching in the South. Urban corruption (B) was the subject of Lincoln Steffens's The Shame of the Cities (1904). Regional novelists (C) include Mark Twain and Willa Cather. Antiwar novels (E) include Three Soldiers by John Dos Passos and A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway.