SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1007: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1007

88. Which of the following is true of the 1935 Works Progress Administration?

A. It was struck down by the Supreme Court on the grounds that it gave legislative power to the executive branch.
B. It oversaw the building of massive hydroelectric plants along the Tennessee River, which brought electricity to many parts of the rural South.
C. It established legal protections for workers organizing unions and listed unfair labor practices that employers could not use.
D. It rapidly created jobs in fields as varied as airport construction and mural painting.
E. It provided emergency assistance to banks, railroad companies, life insurance companies, and other large businesses.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

The WPA, an important New Deal program, employed over 8 million people between 1935 and 1943. The WPA built schools, libraries, and hospitals; employed writers, photographers, and artists; and created a vast array of public works projects. The Supreme Court (A) struck down the National Industrial Recovery Act, not the WPA, in 1933 because it gave the president law-making powers. Hydroelectric dams (B) were built along the Tennessee River by the Tennessee Valley Authority (1933). The Wagner Act (1935) established legal protections for workers (C). Assistance to big business (E) was provided by Hoover's 1932 Reconstruction Finance Corporation.

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