SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1009: Answer and Explanation
90. All of the following are challenges being faced by the United States in the 21st century EXCEPT
A. the danger to the Social Security system because of the graying of America.
B. the search for a cure for AIDS.
C. the existence of de jure segregation in the South.
D. the high costs of health care.
E. the lack of sufficient energy resources.
Correct Answer: C
De jure segregation refers to segregation grounded in law. Segregation laws were declared unconstitutional in 1954 and were eliminated during the 1950s and 1960s by civil rights demonstrations and court decisions. De facto segregation still exists in many cities. The issues of an aging America (A), the challenges of the AIDS crisis (B), problems in the health care industry (D), and energy requirements (E) continue to be pressing issues in the United States.