SAT Subject US History Practice Question 101: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 101

2. The "energy crisis" of 1973 started when

A. Arab countries refused to ship petroleum to countries friendly to Israel
B. Congress refused to authorize oil drilling in Alaska
C. oil reserves in Texas and Oklahoma began to run dry
D. the public refused to support the building of nuclear power plants
E. the United States decided to end all imports of foreign petroleum

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

The energy crisis of 1973 started after a war between Israel and its Arab neighbors. The Arab oil-producing countries decided to punish coun- tries friendly to Israel by stopping all oil exports to them and later by raising the price of oil drastically.

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