SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1015: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1015

2. Which person is correctly associated with a colony?

A. John Smith—Plymouth Colony
B. James Olgethorpe—Georgia
C. John Rolfe—Carolina
D. Lord Baltimore—North Carolina
E. Jonathan Winthrop—Connecticut

Correct Answer: B


James Olgethorpe founded Georgia as a refuge for imprisoned debtors. Georgia also served as a defensive buffer against the Spanish in Florida. John Smith was the leader of the Jamestown (not Plymouth) colony and was largely responsible for its survival. John Rolfe perfected the production of tobacco in Virginia, Lord Baltimore founded Maryland as a refuge for Catholics, and Jonathan Winthrop was governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

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