SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1017: Answer and Explanation
4. The major crops grown in the Southern colonies
A. were used within the colonies.
B. were sold as exports.
C. depended on small farmers as the major producers.
D. made the Southern colonies the "bread basket" of the English colonies.
E. increased the number of indentured servants necessary to produce these crops.
Correct Answer: B
The crops produced in the Southern colonies, such as tobacco, rice, and indigo, were mainly for export to England, unlike crops from other colonies at that time. These crops were grown by large planters. Smaller farmers produced other crops that were less labor-intensive. The Southern colonies' crops increased the number of African slaves needed, not indentured servants, to fill the labor demands. The Middle Colonies produced large amounts of grain and became the "bread basket" of the colonies.