SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1019: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1019

2. One of the significant effects of the Great Awakening was that it

A. was a religious revival carried to the colonies from Europe.
B. led to less competition among churches for worshippers.
C. led to the founding of Harvard and Princeton.
D. lessened the influence of the clergy in the colonies.
E. was led by the American theologian, George Whitefield.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

The Great Awakening was the religious revival that took place in the colonies during the 1730s and 1740s. It resulted in a split in the clergy between the Old Lights, who were more traditional, and the New Lights, who embraced the religious revivalism of this time. As a result, the congregation began to scrutinize the clergy. The Great Awakening began in the colonies and influenced European theology. More churches were formed as a result of splits among the Congregationalists and Presbyterians. Princeton was founded as a result of the Great Awakening, but Harvard had been founded in 1636, the first American college in the New World. Jonathan Edwards was the American theologian associated with leading the Great Awakening, and George Whitefield was an English clergyman who was responsible for the revivalist type of preaching that occurred during the movement.

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