SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1021: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1021

4. The trade in slaves, rum, and molasses that took place during the 1700s among the colonies, Africa, and England was called

A. the Commercial Revolution.
B. mercantilism.
C. rum running.
D. barter.
E. Triangular Trade.

Correct Answer: E


The Triangular Trade involved the exchange of rum from the colonies for slaves in West Africa. Slaves were transported to the West Indies where they were sold for molasses and sugar, which were in turn transported to the colonies to be processed for rum, which was sold in West Africa. The Commercial Revolution took place in Europe, beginning in the 1400s. Mercantilism refers to an economic system in which the colony exists for the good of the mother country; the colony becomes the chief market for goods made by the mother country, while it supplies resources necessary to the mother country. Rum running refers to the sale of rum, usually illegally, and barter is a form of exchange or trade.

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