SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1022: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1022

1. The British government countered the colonists' argument that they were not represented in Parliament and, therefore, could not be taxed by Britain, with the idea of

A. actual representation.
B. virtual representation.
C. divine right rule.
D. mercantilism.
E. a classed society.

Correct Answer: B


The British argued that all British subjects were represented in Parliament by virtual representation no matter where they lived. The colonists, on the other hand, argued that they wanted actual representation, with a colonial representative in the Parliament. Divine right rule refers to the belief that kings received their power to rule from God. Mercantilism was an economic system in which the colonies existed for the good of the mother country by creating a favorable balance of trade for the mother country. A classed society existed in the colonies, but the issues of class and representation were not argued by Britain and the colonies.

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