SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1023: Answer and Explanation
2. The French and Indian War, which ended in 1763, was significant because it
A. removed the Native American threat from the colonies.
B. severely drained the British treasury.
C. opened up new lands west of the Mississippi River.
D. gave Florida to France.
E. signaled a shift in the British policy of salutary neglect to one of British involvement in the affairs of the colonies.
Correct Answer: E
The French and Indian War marked the end of the British policy of salutary neglect and marked the beginning of more involvement by the British crown in the affairs of the colonies. Native Americans were not removed as a threat to the colonies. In fact, the British government issued the Proclamation of 1763, which forbade the colonists from settling beyond the Appalachian Mountains largely due to the threat of Indian attacks. Although the British treasury was, in fact, drained, the significance of the war lay more in changed British policy. New lands were opened up east of the Mississippi River, not west of the Mississippi River. Florida was given to England, not France.