SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1027: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1027

2. One of the most notable achievements of the Articles of Confederation was its

A. ability to enforce the laws of the land.
B. legislation concerning the settlement of the territories acquired from Great Britain at the end of the Revolutionary War.
C. ability to deal with foreign and domestic commerce.
D. the establishment of a system of checks and balances.
E. the flexibility it built into the government by the simple amending process that it established.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

The Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 provided for the orderly settlement of the Northwest Territory, which the United States had acquired at the end of the Revolutionary War. The government under the Articles of Confederation lacked the ability to enforce law. It also had little ability to control foreign and domestic commerce, and it had no provisions for checks and balances since it did not have separate executive and judiciary branches. Although its amending process was simple in design, a unanimous vote was required of the states to change the Articles of Confederation. That was not simple to achieve.

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