SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1028: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1028

3. To convince the states to ratify the Constitution, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay wrote

A. the Bill of Rights.
B. the Northwest Ordinance.
C. The Federalist Papers.
D. the pamphlet Common Sense.
E. the Great Compromise.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:

The Federalist, or The Federalist Papers, was penned by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay to convince some states, particularly New York, Virginia, Rhode Island, and North Carolina, to accept the new Constitution in 1787. The Bill of Rights, the first ten amendments to the Constitution, was added to the Constitution in 1791 but was not written by these three men. The Northwest Ordinance was written under the Articles of Confederation and provided for the orderly settlement of the Northwest Territory. Common Sense was written by Thomas Paine to convince the people of the colonies to rebel against the British government. The Great Compromise took place during the writing of the Constitution and provided for a bicameral legislature.

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