SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1033: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1033

4. Thomas Jefferson's objection to the Bank of the United States centered around his belief in

A. loose construction of the Constitution.
B. implied powers.
C. the idea that the Bank favored the wealthy Southern planters.
D. nullification of federal laws by the states.
E. strict construction of the Constitution.

Correct Answer: E


Thomas Jefferson believed that the Constitution must be interpreted word for word. He objected to the Bank of the United States because no part of the Constitution allowed the government to establish a bank. Hamilton, on the other hand, believed in loose construction of the Constitution and cited the implied powers clause to support the establishment of the Bank of the United States. Jefferson felt that the Bank favored the more industrial North. The doctrine of nullification was written by Jefferson in the Kentucky Resolution, part of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions written by Madison and Jefferson in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts passed in 1798.

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