SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1035: Answer and Explanation
2. The Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison (1803) was significant because it
A. gave more power to the Republicans.
B. established the right of the federal government to control interstate commerce.
C. supported the doctrine of states' rights.
D. gave the states the power to control interstate commerce.
E. established the court's power of judicial review.
Correct Answer: E
John Marshall, chief justice of the Supreme Court in 1803, used the case of Marbury v. Madison to establish the Court's power of judicial review whereby the Supreme Court can declare a law passed by Congress and signed by the president as unconstitutional and, therefore, null and void. This case arose from John Adams's Midnight Appointments. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) established the right of the federal government to control commerce between and among the states (interstate commerce), while giving the states the control of commerce within the states (intrastate commerce).