SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1045: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1045

4. The cotton gin

A. produced cotton cloth faster.
B. planted cotton seeds faster.
C. was a curse to the planters.
D. allowed cotton to be grown profitably further North.
E. allowed cotton to be grown profitably further West.

Correct Answer: E


The cotton gin separated the seeds from the cotton fiber by forcing the fiber through a series of comblike teeth. The cotton that grew near the coast (South Carolina and Georgia) was characterized by long-fiber or long-staple cotton, from which the seeds came out more easily. The cotton that could be grown further inland was short-staple and was much more difficult to de-seed. The cotton gin enabled short-staple cotton to be grown profitably in the Black Belt, further West.

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