SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1057: Answer and Explanation
4. Which is the BEST explanation for why the South lost?
A. They used slaves to fight.
B. They had poor generals.
C. They had weak support from the population.
D. They had too many deserters.
E. The war lasted too long.
Correct Answer: E
The South called slaves to fight only at the very end. Their generals are usually considered better than the North's. Their support from the population was very strong, and the number of deserters was only slightly more than in the North. The main reason the South lost was that its armies had been destroyed in a war of attrition.