SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1058: Answer and Explanation
1. The Freedman's Bureau was established to
A. help former slaves find jobs and protect them from discrimination.
B. help African Americans win election to public office.
C. help rebuild the transportation networks of the South.
D. protect African Americans from scalawags and carpetbaggers.
E. help former slave owners get back on their feet economically after Emancipation.
Correct Answer: A
The Freedman's Bureau helped freed men and women adjust to their new lives, including finding them jobs. No accommodations were made for former slave holders. Choices (B) and (C) were both part of Reconstruction but not the specific functions of the Freedman's Bureau. Scalawags and carpetbaggers were, generally speaking, the allies of freed men and women.