SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1059: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1059

2. Under the terms of the Compromise of 1877, Republicans maintained control of the White House and agreed to

A. transfer large sums of money to the Democratic Party.
B. withdraw federal troops from the South.
C. push for passage of the 15th Amendment.
D. give Democrats control of Congress.
E. raise tariff rates on imported goods.

Correct Answer: B


Withdrawing troops spelled the end of Reconstruction. The 15th Amendment had already been ratified. Power in Congress is determined by the number of seats each party wins in elections, not backroom haggling, so control of Congress could not be given to the Democrats. The Republicans supported higher tariff rates anyway; raising them would be no concession to the Democrats. Choice (A) simply never occurred.

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