SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1060: Answer and Explanation
3. The Reconstruction Act of 1867 required that the former Confederate states, in order to gain readmission to the Union,
A. ratify the 14th Amendment and guarantee African American men the right to vote.
B. end slavery.
C. imprison former Confederate government officials.
D. have 10 percent of their people sign a loyalty oath to the Constitution of the United States.
E. nullify Jim Crow laws.
Correct Answer: A
To be readmitted in to the Union, Confederate states had to ratify the 14th Amendment and guarantee African American men the right to vote. Slavery had already ended with the passage of the 13th Amendment. Radical reconstruction was not excessively harsh on ex-Confederates; there were no mass arrests or executions. The "10 Percent Plan" was Lincoln's idea in 1864. Jim Crow laws had not yet come into effect; that happened after Reconstruction ended.