SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1063: Answer and Explanation
2. The Dawes Act
A. forced Native Americans to be removed from their traditional homelands.
B. allowed Native Americans to practice their traditional ways within the confines of their reservations.
C. encouraged Native Americans to own individual plots of land, which they and their families would cultivate.
D. allowed Native Americans to establish gambling casinos on their land.
E. outlawed the ceremonial Ghost Dance.
Correct Answer: C
The Dawes Act should be associated with the idea of assimilating Native Americans into mainstream white American culture. Choice (A) would be the answer to a question about the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Choice (B) would answer a question about the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934. State and federal courts (including the Supreme Court) ruled in the 1980s that Native Americans could operate casinos on the basis of self-determination and sovereignty. The Ghost Dance, which inspired resistance to federal incursions, was outlawed in the 1880s but not by the Dawes Act.