SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1065: Answer and Explanation
4. "Exodusters" were
A. Mormons who made the journey from the East to Utah.
B. ministers who were part of the Second Great Awakening.
C. Native Americans who were forced off their land by the Indian Removal Act.
D. African Americans who fled the South in the post–Civil War period.
E. farmers who fled the "Dust Bowl" during the 1920s and 1930s.
Correct Answer: D
The term "Exodusters" is derived from the biblical story of Exodus, in which the Hebrews escaped unbearable conditions in Egypt and eventually made it to the Promised Land. Conditions in the post-Reconstruction South rapidly declined for African Americans politically, economically, and socially. Mormons made the initial journey to Utah in the 1840s, but they were not referred to as "Exodusters." The Second Great Awakening preachers did travel from town to town to spread the "good word," but they did not evoke the idea of an exodus to a promised land. The term "Trail of Tears" is associated with the removal of Native Americans as a result of the Indian Removal Act of 1830. And the migration of poor farmers (many of them "Okies" from Oklahoma) to California during the Depression is not usually associated with the Biblical story of Exodus.