SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1067: Answer and Explanation
2. The Bessemer process created an inexpensive way to
A. refine oil.
B. assemble the parts of an automobile.
C. create steel.
D. harvest corn and wheat.
E. generate electricity.
Correct Answer: C
The Bessemer process allowed for the inexpensive processing of iron into steel. As a result, steel became a more common building material and was used extensively on bridges and skyscrapers. No one person is associated with developing the oil-refining process, but Rockefeller is associated with bringing the industry under his control. Ford is associated with developing the process for mass producing automobiles, thus reducing costs. Cyrus McCormick invented the mechanical reaper in the 1850s, making harvesting grains easier and cheaper. Edison built the first commercial electric-generating station in New York City in 1882.