SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1068: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1068

3. The Sherman Antitrust Act

A. was used successfully to break up trusts.
B. was welcomed by Andrew Carnegie.
C. was consistent with the philosophy of social Darwinism.
D. was used most effectively against striking unions.
E. strengthened the Clayton Antitrust Act.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

The Supreme Court ruled that strikes were illegal combinations that stood in the way of free trade, making the Sherman Antitrust Act an effective tool to block striking unions. The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 was not very successful in breaking up trusts; vague wording rendered it ineffective. In general, the owners of big business, such as Andrew Carnegie, were opposed to government attempts to rein in their power. A strict adherent of social Darwinism would reject any attempt by the government to interfere in or regulate the economy. The stronger Clayton Antitrust Act was passed in 1914.

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