SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1071: Answer and Explanation
2. The "new immigrants" of the late 19th and early 20th century were primarily
B. Irish refugees from the potato blight.
C. from within the Western hemisphere.
D. Eastern and Southern Europeans.
E. exiles leaving the United States.
Correct Answer: D
Between 1880 and the Emergency Quota Act in 1921, the largest number of immigrants came from Eastern European countries such as Russia and Poland, as well as Italy. Anglo-Saxons comprised the first European immigrant group to come over, primarily during the colonial period. Irish refugees from the potato blight came over during the 1840s and 1850s. Immigration from within the Western hemisphere is a phenomenon of the later part of the 20th century, especially after 1965. There was never a significant movement of people out of the United States, even among freed slaves returning to Africa.