SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1077: Answer and Explanation
4. Granger laws, passed in several states in the 1870s and 1880s,
A. outlawed the sale and consumption of alcohol on a county-by-county basis.
B. increased the supply of money.
C. established homesteading on the Great Plains.
D. regulated the rates railroads could charge farmers.
E. reformed electoral practices.
Correct Answer: D
The Grange was a farmers' organization that was very concerned with railroad abuses. Granger Laws were early attempts to move away from a laissez-faire approach to the economy. "Dry laws," or "blue laws," pertained to the outlawing of the consumption of alcohol. The Grangers did want an increase in the money supply, but that is not what Granger laws refer to. Great Plains Homesteading is a reference to the Homestead Act of 1862. Reformed electoral practices could refer to a whole host of measures pushed by the Populists and later by the Progressives.