SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1078: Answer and Explanation
1. The Platt Amendment and the Roosevelt Corollary are similar in that they both
A. pushed the Progressive agenda into new areas.
B. were welcomed by American anti-imperialists who believed in self-determination for all people.
C. led to war with European powers.
D. expanded the role of the United States in foreign nations.
E. were attacked by critics who argued that the president was assuming too much power.
Correct Answer: D
The years just before and just after 1900 marked an increase in U.S. involvement in world affairs. The Platt Amendment was put into the Cuban constitution at the behest of the United States. It stated that the United States reserved the right to intervene in Cuban affairs. The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine stated that this right extended to all the nations of Latin America. The United States has exercised this right both in Cuba and throughout Latin America when it has perceived its interests to be threatened. Although some Progressives supported U.S. expansion overseas, this was not central to the "Progressive agenda." Further, the undemocratic implications of both the Platt Amendment and the Roosevelt Corollary rankled many Progressives. For similar reasons, choice (B) is wrong. These two documents compromised self-determination for Cuba and, indeed, for all of Latin America. Anti-imperialists would certainly oppose them. The one instance in which Latin American affairs led to war with a European power—the Spanish-American War—preceded both the Platt Amendment and the Roosevelt Corollary. Neither raised questions of presidential power; both had congressional approval.