SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1079: Answer and Explanation
2. The Spanish-American War is often considered a turning point in U.S. history because it
A. helped spark an industrial revolution.
B. ushered in a period of isolation from world affairs for the United States.
C. made the United States a significant imperialist power.
D. led to the formation of the League of Nations.
E. ended the period of laissez-faire and led to greater government involvement in economic matters.
Correct Answer: C
The United States gained an empire as a result of the Spanish-American War. The United States played a more aggressive role in world affairs after this war. If anything, industrialization was a cause of the war, not a result. The war ushered in a period of increased U.S. intervention in the world, not isolation. World War I, not the Spanish-American War, led to the formation of the League of Nations. The U.S. government was never fully separate from the economy, as a true laissez-faire policy would require. Alexander Hamilton was an early advocate of government intervention in the economy. It is true that over time, the level of government intervention has increased. Perhaps the most pronounced expansion of government policies into the economy occurred during the New Deal.