SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1080: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1080

3. The Open Door policy

A. divided China into spheres of influence.
B. allowed for U.S. intervention in Cuban affairs.
C. stated that the United States reserved the right to intervene in the affairs of Latin American nations.
D. called for free trade with Africa.
E. called for equal access to trade with China for all nations.

Correct Answer: E

Explanation:

In the 1800s, the major European powers had divided China into spheres of influence, within which a particular European power would have exclusive trading rights. The United States did not have a sphere of influence, so it proposed that all of China be open to all nations for trade. This is the essence of the Open Door policy. U.S. intervention in Cuban Affairs refers to the Platt Amendment. The United States' reserving the right to intervene in the affairs of Latin American countries refers to the Roosevelt Corollary. Free trade with Africa was not a major U.S. government pronouncement.

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