SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1082: Answer and Explanation
1. The devastation caused by a hurricane and flood in Galveston, Texas, in 1900 led to calls for
(A) the replacement of political machines with more efficient and professional forms of municipal government.
B. federal projects to divert rivers and build levees.
C. people to abandon seaside cities and move to higher elevations.
D. a federal income tax.
E. a religious reawakening to allay fears of divine punishment.
Correct Answer: A
The political machine in Galveston was unable to deal with the crisis at hand, and many reformers saw this as evidence that these machines had outlived their usefulness. Calls for federal projects are associated with the New Deal. Abandoning seaside communities never occurred in any significant way. A federal income tax was instituted in 1913 with the passage of the 16th Amendment after protectionist tariffs were reduced. A religious awakening did not occur as a result of the hurricane.