SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1083: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1083

2. The Progressive movement could most accurately be described as a

A. working-class response to low wages and long hours.
B. conservative reaction to immigration.
C. middle-class response to urbanization and industrialization.
D. rural response to falling farm prices and powerful banks.
E. Southern response to the power of Northern politicians.

Correct Answer: C


The movement was inspired and guided by middle-class teachers, doctors, social workers, and other professionals. Choice (A) could describe the labor movement or the Communist or Socialist parties. The most extreme reactions to immigration were by the Know-Nothing Party of the 1850s and the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s. Choice (D) describes the Populist movement.

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