SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1088: Answer and Explanation
3. Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points, written in 1918, aimed to
A. guarantee that all people live under a democracy.
B. spread U.S. influence in the world.
C. shift U.S. policy from isolation to involvement.
D. establish a peacekeeping force in Europe.
E. prevent future wars by rectifying the causes of World War I.
Correct Answer: E
Wilson's Fourteen Points examined the causes of World War I with the hope of preventing future wars. Wilson desired to maintain peace with the principals of his Fourteen Points. Although Wilson would have loved to see democracy everywhere in the world, the principal of self-determination was set forth, allowing nations to choose their own government. The United States was not interested in using its influence around the world to bring great changes. The people of the United States were still basically isolationists, as evidenced by the rejection of the League of Nations and the Treaty of Versailles. There was no talk of maintaining peacekeeping forces in Europe.