SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1091: Answer and Explanation
2. This African American leader thought the way for African Americans to improve their position in American society was to gain vocational training to obtain jobs in agriculture, craft work, and manufacturing.
A. Booker T. Washington
B. W. E. B. DuBois
C. Marcus Garvey
D. Malcolm X
E. Martin Luther King Jr.
Correct Answer: A
Washington is often contrasted with W. E. B. DuBois, who argued for a more political, direct challenge to racism in the United States. Garvey is associated with the "back to Africa" movement. Malcolm X is associated with Black nationalism and would have chafed at Washington's accommodationist platform. King believed in pushing for equality and justice, not in accepting the prevailing racial hierarchy.