SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1096: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1096

3. FDR and Herbert Hoover differed in that

A. FDR believed in rugged individualism, while Herbert Hoover believed that the individual was capable of raising himself/herself above the Depression.
B. Herbert Hoover believed that the government and the people had a duty to help those suffering from the depression, while FDR believed in laissez-faire.
C. FDR supported the idea of "priming the pump" with government money to end the Depression, while Herbert Hoover believed in direct relief to the people suffering from the Depression.
D. Herbert Hoover believed in rugged individualism, while FDR believed in "priming the pump" with government funds to end the Depression.
E. FDR was willing to take control of legislation to end the Depression even without the support of Congress, while Herbert Hoover believed in expanding the powers of the presidency to deal with the Depression.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

Hoover believed that the individual was capable of great achievement and had the ability to rise above the Depression. FDR, on the other hand, believed that people needed assistance to get out of the Depression and believed that the government should prime the pump, or place dollars into the economy that would stimulate industry and create more dollars. FDR did not believe in rugged individualism, and he did not believe in laissez-faire; that is, little or no government interference in business, as demonstrated by his New Deal programs. FDR believed in pump priming, but Hoover believed that the government should not give direct relief to the people. FDR, in his first Inaugural Address, made it clear that he was going to take action whether the Congress agreed or not. Hoover was reluctant to take on greater power as president.

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