SAT Subject US History Practice Question 1102: Answer and Explanation

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Question: 1102

1. The Washington Conference, held in 1921, resulted in

A. an undermining of the authority of the United Nations.
B. treaties of disarmament among Great Britain, Japan, and the United States.
C. an end to Japanese aggression in China.
D. the development of the Stimson Doctrine.
E. the rise of Mussolini in Italy.

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

The Washington Conference resulted in treaties reaffirming the Open Door Policy in China and disarmament among the participating nations. The United States, Japan, Great Britain, France, and Italy agreed to limit their fleets and shipbuilding for military use. The United Nations was not established until after World War II. The Japanese violated the treaties of the Washington Conference when it invaded Manchuria in 1931. The Stimson Doctrine was a response by the U.S. government to the attack by Japan on Manchuria in 1931. Mussolini came to power in 1922 but not as a result of the Washington Conference.

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